Planning is considered to be the central function of management and determines the organization’s direction. It is a rational and systematic way of making decisions.
managerial economics is an integration of economic science with the decision-making process of business management.
The state is the union of a living people in a collective personality under a supreme power and a definite constitution for the realization of all common purposes, especially the establishment of the legal order.
Political science is an interdisciplinary endeavour. Its tradition, approaches, and styles vary but the impact is united by a commitment to theorise, criticize and diagnose the norms, practices, and organization of political action in the past and present, in our own places and elsewhere.